The female guards in Nazi concentration camps occupied a key position in the camp chain of command between male SS leaders and female prisoner-functionaries. These women were responsible for a considerable part of the violence routinely perpetrated against female camp inmates.
The present anthology is the result of the 20th Workshop on the History and Memory of National Socialist Concentration Camps that took place in Minsk, Belarus in April 2015. It assembles research papers of up-and-coming scholars from Western and Eastern Europe who, from different perspectives, deal with problems of political, economic and ideological processes and dynamics in the context of the German policy of occupation, annihilation and forced labour.
The "Témoignages de la Shoah" series is a collection of first-hand accounts by victims of anti-Jewish persecution during the Second World War. The authors - former deportees, internees, hidden children, members of the Resistance, etc. - help shed light on various aspects of the unprecedented crime that was the Holocaust. In partnership with La Manuscrit / Storylab, the Foundation for the Memory of the Shoah publishes the testimonies wich are available in both paper and digital format.
The organization Yahad-In Unum and the Roma association Roma Dignity undertook an investigative work with the Roma who lived through the tragedy of the genocide between 1941 and 1944 in Estern Europe. The records published here offer a historical and legal perspective of the politic led by the Nazis against the Roma.
Between 1905 and 1939, Paris attracted artists from all over the world. In this melting pot centered on Montparnasse, one group set itself apart: the Jewish artists who came from Russia, Poland, and across Central Europe. Although their styles varied, a common fate united them: they had fled the anti-Semitic persecutions in their home countries.
To mark the 70th anniversary of the liberation of Auschwitz-Birkenau by Soviet troops on January 27, 1945, the Canopé network and the Foundation for the Memory of the Shoah republished Auschwitz Album, an outstanding historical record with nearly 200 photographs of the Nazis’ biggest death camp. The album is part of a transmedia educational project (book, DVD, webumentary).
Jacques Saurel was born in Paris into a Jewish family that had recently emigrated from Poland. During the war, Jacques’ father was a prisoner-of-war, which for a time spared his family. However, in February 1944, Jacques, his brother, elder sister and mother were interned at Drancy for three months. They were deported with the status of “hostage” to Germany’s so-called “star camp” of Bergen-Belsen.
Jacques Samuel, a French Alsatian Jew, spent the war in a family that was part of the Jewish Resistance. The pious, music-loving young man recorded what they all went through in a journal: the exodus, the refuge, the collective life on a farm school run by the Éclaireurs israélites de France (EIF), and the trek over the Pyrenees towards Spain in a desperate bid to reach Palestine, which ended in tragedy.
Marie Rafalovitch was 14 years old gwhen her world came crashing down on July 24, 1944, in Toulouse. Denounced by a neighbor, she was arrested alone and deported to Germany to the women’s camp of Ravensbrück. Too young for forced labor, she suffered from hunger and abuse, and discovered with horror the terrifying fate awaiting the camp prisoners. (Only available in French)
In 1940, like all the Jews in Lodz, lzabela and her family were forced to move to the ghetto set up by the Nazis. Unable to leave, they suffered from hunger and illness; Izabela’s father did not survive. The young girl, just 11 years old, and her mother managed to escape the roundups, until the ghetto was eradicated in August 1944. (Only available in French)