The Camp des Milles Memorial Site
In September 1939, the Camp des Milles opened in a former tile factory located between Aix-en-Provence and Marseille. Over 10,000 people from 38 countries were interned there over a three-year period. Many had fled to France to escape totalitarianism and persecution.
Over 2,000 Jewish men, women and children were deported from the Camp des Milles to Auschwitz. They were among the 10,000 Jews in the Unoccupied Zone that the Vichy regime handed over to the Nazis, who killed them as part of the "Final Solution".
Max Ernst, Hans Bellmer and many other artists and intellectuals were interned in the camp. Traces of their presence there can still be seen on the former tile factory’s walls.
An exceptional site: a place of remembrance, education and reflection
The Camp des Milles, an important place of remembrance of the internment and deportation of France’s Jews, houses a museum created with support from the Foundation for the Memory of the Shoah. The Camp des Milles Memorial Site was one of the key projects of Marseille Provence 2013: European Capital of Culture.
The Memorial Site presents the history of the camp and the internees’ lives. It also houses a multidisciplinary, thought-provoking exhibition, created by Serge Klarsfeld, about the 11,000 Jewish children deported from France, which sheds light on the mechanisms of submission and rejection that laid the groundwork for genocidal horror.
A "Wall of Righteous Acts" recalls that there were men and women who resisted those mechanisms, reminding visitors to be vigilant and lead responsible lives as citizens.
A long-term partnership
The Foundation for the Memory of the Shoah is a partner in the plan to develop the Camp des Milles.
In 2007, the Foundation acquired the former tile factory in order to preserve this unique memorial site. It put the building at the Camp des Milles Foundation’s disposal for its educational programs.
The Shoah Memorial curated the Camp des Milles Memorial Site’s historical and memorial sections.
Prime Minister Jean-Marc Ayraut officially opened the site in Aix-en-Provence on 10 September 2012.
Site-Mémorial du Camp des Milles
40 chemin de la Badesse
Tel: +33 (0)4 42 39 17 11